|Martin and Oliver Webb Fine Stone Miniatures. Museum quality handmade miniatures of stone carvings for the collector and connoisseur.|
A Stonemason's Dictionary
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
| Dado: The plain
part between the base cornice of a columns pedestal. Also the part
of a wall between skirting and dado rail.
Dais: Raised area, usually by one step, upon which stands the altar.
Dentil: A form of enrichment used on cornice mouldings consisting of a series of regular rectangular blocks.
Diaper: A painted or carved pattern of squares, each containing a simple foliate device.
Dilly: Portable beam mounted hoist.
Dogs: Lifting hooks attached to a loop of chain which, when inserted into holes cut in a quarry block, can be used to lift it.
Dog Cramp: A metal cramp, turned down at both ends, used to lock stones together (such as copings).
Dog-Tooth Moulding: An ornamental 13th century moulding, consisting of a series of pyramidal projections, the sides of which are carved out to create leaf shapes.
Dome: A method of producing a hemi-spherical structure using horizontal and circular courses of tapered stones or bricks. It is a self supporting structure independent of supporting ribs, framework or corbelled (cantilevered) stonework. The term is often applied incorrectly to dome-shaped structures, such as the Millennium "Dome" in Greenwich, London.
Dormer Window: A window projecting from a roof.
Draft: A term used to describe the chiselled line produced when dressing masonry.
Drag: Flat toothed steel Stonemasons tool resembling a section of saw blade, used for final dressing of flat faces on soft limestone.
Dressings: The stone or brick parts of a building which are distinct from plain walling; copings, jambs, sills, etc.
Dripstone: A piece of masonry designed to carry rainwater clear of the building and literally drip it onto the ground.
Drop Arch: A pointed arch with radii less than its span.
Dummy: A small round headed mallet type tool made of zinc, brass or iron used in stonemasonry for delicate work and used in conjunction with carpentry chisels for carving some soft limestones.