|Martin and Oliver Webb Fine Stone Miniatures. Museum quality handmade miniatures of stone carvings for the collector and connoisseur.|
A Stonemason's Dictionary
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
| Gable: Triangular
end of a ridged roof.
Gablet: Small gable shaped termination to a buttress, etc.
Gallery: An upper room extending over part of another room.
Gargoyle: Originally carved projecting waterspouts designed to carry rain water away from the side of buildings. The term is often nowadays applied to any projecting carving of a grotesque.
Garret: A room constructed in a roof space.
Garth: An open space bounded by cloisters.
Gauging Trowel: A long gently tapering trowel with a round end.
Gesso: A type of hard, fine plaster.
Gin Wheel: A pulley wheel suspended at the top of a scaffolding, around which runs a hand operated rope for hoisting and lowering tools and materials.
Glazing Bars: Metal bars (traditionally wrought iron, more often nowadays stainless steel tipped) inserted into the window jambs and spanning a window aperture, for supporting the leaded lights which are then attached using copper wire ties.
Gothic: Period of architecture from the 12th to the mid 16th century.
Granite: Extremely hard and durable igneous stone. Not a freestone. Takes a high polish.
Greek Architecture: Commonly used to refer to the three Orders of Doric, Ionic and Corinthian.
Grinshill: Honey coloured sandstone, very soft and easy to work, very high in silica.
Grit Stone: Silica based stone comprised of loose particles. Can be very hard.
Groin: The angle formed by the intersection of two vaulted surfaces. Also, the internal angle formed by two intersecting roofs.
Grotesque: Fantastical representation of an animal or human.
Grout: Liquid mortar for pouring into voids in a wall.
Guiting: Orange coloured Cotswold limestone. Quite soft, variable texture with bits of clay and cricks.
Gypsum: A crystalline form of limestone used extensively in the manufacture of plaster.